accession or inventory numbers. The numbers attached to the pieces owned by Mr. Newell, Mr. Seyrig, Mr. Ruthven, and myself were arbitrarily assigned by me, merely as a matter of convenience while I was studying the amulets. They have no authority, of course; but I have thought it best to preserve typewritten lists arranged according to these numbers and to deposit them in our Museum of Archaeology.
In giving the present location of the objects described I have used a few abbreviations — B. M., British Museum; M. M., Metropolitan Museum, New York; R. O. M. A., Royal Ontario Museum of Archaeology, Toronto. Mich. represents the Museum of Archaeology, University of Michigan.
By far the greater number of the objects illustrated have not been previously published. In several instances, however, it seemed that the book would lose something of its value if certain noteworthy amulets were excluded merely because they had been made known elsewhere. There was all the more reason for overcoming scruples about this point because the original publications are not all easily accessible. Furthermore, some of the previous descriptions were not accompanied by illustrations, others are in need of correction. As a rule, the place of previous publication given in the text or the notes of the preceding studies, if the object mentioned there; otherwise a reference is given under the individual numbers that are to follow. This has not been done in the case of Michigan numbers that fall within the range 26119–26166, the former Ayvaz collection, because it is more convenient to make a general statement about them here.
The University of Michigan, acting through an intermediary, purchased these amulets from the owner in 1941. They had been previously examined by Father R. Mouterde, who made notes on them and prepared drawings with a view to publication. After the objects were sold to the University, Father Mouterde inquired of the previous owner whether they had been bought by any scholar or institution of learning with a view to publishing them. He received a negative answer; and acting good faith on this erroneous information, he proceeded to publish the Ayvaz collection, which, it should be observed, at that time contained several pieces of some importance which were not transferred with the rest to the University of Michigan. His publication appeared in Mélanges de l'Université Saint-Joseph, 25, 105–128, and contains brief descriptions and also drawings of the objects. I have found it necessary to supplement or correct certain details of Father Mouterde's descriptions, and I disagree with some of his interpretations; and since my own study of the amulets was independent of his, and was in fact completed before his work appeared, this account of the matter may properly take the place of the references that would otherwise appear with the individual items.
Since the present cost of printing discourages unnecessary use of Greek type, I have given some of the common magical words in Roman letters; to use them more extensively would be inconvenient for various reasons. The reader must remember that these are only transliterations; nothing is inscribed in Latin letters on the objects included in the following list.