The CBd
Bonner, SMA, 159.

Lanzone gives a pantheistic figure which has several animal heads and nothing human but the arms;15 it is actually accompanied by the inscription “Horus the great god, son of Osiris, son of Isis”; yet the somewhat similar “god comprehending all gods” (as Budge calls him), who has a human head and beetle body, is identified by Lanzone as Amon.16 For convenience I refer to these compound types as “pantheos,” disregarding variations in details. Some solar connections are indicated by inscriptions such as Iao, semeseilam, bainchoooch, and by the fact that pantheos sometimes, like Helios-Harpocrates, stands on the back of a lion.

The solar relations of a peculiar compound figure are particularly noticeable in a remarkable haematite fragment in the Newell collection.17 The lower half of the stone has been broken off, also a splinter at one side representing about one fourth of the width. The work is good, and when whole the stone was a fine specimen of its kind. The obverse represents Harpocrates seated on the lotus, with the adoring baboon in front of him and triads of animals grouped round him, including three lions, which do not as a rule enter into this design. The only other noteworthy detail of the obverse is the word Ζαγουρη, which is engraved round the seven-rayed nimbus that encircles the head of the young god. The central part of the reverse is occupied by a single figure with the arms, trunk, and legs of a man. He wears the loincloth and a cord or band across his chest — unless, as possible, the engraver simply overemphasized the lines of the clavicles. The right hand holds a tall scepter, the hanging left holds the ankh. The place of the head is taken by an upright post supporting the atef crown; two animal heads project from each side.18 Those on the left seem to be rams, those on the right are indistinct but look more like hippopotamus heads than anything else. This design is completely encircled (with a short overlap) by a long palindrome, the Iaeo formula, which is usually associated with solar deities; it is followed by a prayer, of which only the first two words remain, δός μο[ι; it probably continued χάριν τῷ φοροῦντι. On the bevel is the first syllable of another solar formula, σθομβαολη κτλ., and the seven vowels, each tripled.

Pantheistic forms were sometimes developed from the type of Osiris in mummy form, which this deity usually takes on Graeco-Egyptian amulets. Thus a stone, apparently obsidian, in the British Museum shows the mummy with a disk on its head, the head of a hawk at each side of the face, and two wings attached to each shoulder.19 Harpocrates crouches below at the left. On the reverse an ouroboros encloses a scarab and permutations of the vowels. Still stranger is another amulet in the same collection. A figure with the head of Osiris has the body and legs of some insect, and holds out a cobra in each hand.20

A beetle-bodied demon with the head of a jackal and the legs of a bird is

15 P. 580, Pl. 217, 1.

16 P. 46, Pl. 24; same as Budge, Gods, I, 492.

18 Compare the strange figure (second from left on the obverse) on an amulet published by Borchardt (Zeitschr. f. ägypt. Sprache, 66 [1930], 50, Pl. 4).

Last modified: 2012-10-30 12:33:18