The CBd
Bonner, SMA, 105.



extended right hand he holds by the tail a cobra, with its neck erect and hood expanded. Under the man's feet is an uncertain depression, possibly a natural pit in the stone. It slightly resembles the head and gaping mouth of some animal. If so intended, it might symbolize the anger that the amulet would avert; such is probably the purpose of the snake. The execution of the design is mediocre; the cutter has indicated no hand for the hanging left arm of the figure.

The reverse covered by an inscription composed chiefly of magical words or names, mostly well known: χυχ βαχυχ βακαχυχ βακαξιχυχ βαδητοφωθ ρανχαμμαωχ (I have not noted the last word elsewhere) ευλαμω βαινχωωωχ. Then follow the words κατάσχες τοὺς θυμοὺς Τασοῖ. The article τούς is at the end of its line, and θυμούς has a line to itself, but even so the last two letters of both words are run over and cut on the bevel. The last word, which is entirely on the bevel at the bottom of the stone, is evidently the person whose anger the owner of the amulet sought to avert. It was certainly a woman, whose name, to judge by the dative Τασοῖ, was Τασώ. This name has not been recorded, but Τασόις, Τασῶις, and Τασῶς are known. Τασόι might also be taken as genitive of Τασόις, even though such names usually show tau in the genitive.9 Whether the unnamed owner who dreaded Taso's anger was the slave of an ill-tempered mistress, the timorous lover of a flighty courtesan, or the henpecked husband of a domineering wife, is a matter for guesswork.

In this instance the deity invoked is probably Horus in his lion-headed form; the magical names, especially the χυχ βαχυχ formula and βαινχωωωχ, are often found associated with him.

The other stone belonging to this class, formerly in private possession in Syria, was published by R. Mouterde;10 his plate was prepared from an impression, and he does not make it clear whether he had examined the original or not.11 If he had not, it is easier to account for what looks like a misunderstanding of the design. The obverse shows a fully clothed figure, apparently female, facing left. The right hand is raised to the mouth, the lowered left may be holding a corner or a fold of the garment, or possibly a sketchily rendered situla; but this appearance may be due to a fault in the wax impression. It is in connection with the head of this figure that we are left in some doubt, which examination of Mouterde's drawing and plate (his Fig. 11 and Pl. II) does not dispel. The editor describes the figure as a young goddess, the head surmounted by seven long rays. But the head, of whatever sort, is very indistinctly rendered, and even before a comparison with the British Museum amulet had suggested itself to me, I had noted the possibility that the head of a lion was actually intended. Repeated inspection of the plate has only strengthened this impression. If the head is hu-



9 On the subject of such “short genitives” as this (Τασόι, where Τασόιτος might be expected) see Amundsen, Ostraca Osloensia, p. 49 (Avhandl. Videnskaps Akad., Oslo, 1933, No. 2), and cf. O. Mich. II, 889, where Τιθοεῖ is genitive.

10 “Le Glaive de Dardanos,” pp. 77 f.

11 Op. cit., p. 78, n. 1.




Last modified: 2012-10-01 11:15:49
Link: classics.mfab.hu/talismans/pandecta/1545