The CBd
Magical gem: Scarab, Sarapis, mummy, lion, crocodile (A) Horus sitting on lotus (B)
CBd-Number:
CBd-663
ID-Number:
GB-BM-MMEu_G 568, EA 56526
Collection:
GB_London, The British Museum
Inventory:
G 568 (EA 56526)
References:
Bonner 1951, no. 5; Michel, BM, no. 277; Michel, DMG, no. 45.1.a_4
Former Collections:
Gefon, Collection
Material:
heliotrope
Dimensions:
37 x 28 x 4 mm
Dating:
3rd c. AD (Michel)
Iconography:
animal: crocodile; animal: lion; clothing: bandage; clothing: mantle; crown, Isis-; flail; gesture, hand raised to mouth; gesture, lying; Harpocrates seated with knees drawn up; Harpocrates sitting on lotus flower; moon, crescent; Osiris; Ouroboros, human-headed; plant: lotus buds (2); Sarapis; scarab, with outstreched wings; scepter, unspecified; scorpion; side-lock of youth; solar disk; star; throne
Divine Names & Voces:
vocales, αεηιουω; voces, unidentified
Logoi:
Ἰαεω‑palindrome

A: Enclosed within a human-headed Ouroboros, wearing a crown with horns and solar disk (Isis-crown), and winding inward: Sarapis sitting enthroned to left, his right hand touching a scorpion at his feet, his left hand resting on a tall scepter. Above his head, a scarab with outstretched wings. The throne of Sarapis rests on the back of a crocodile, facing left. Below the crocodile: lying Osiris-mummy with atef-crown, head to left, carried by a roaring lion walking also left. In the free field to the right of Sarapis, a small lying crescent, and an eight-pointed star above it. Below these, inscription in three lines: αεηι|ουω|ω → vocales including the Greek vowel series. Inscription around the edge, outside the Ouroboros, beginnig at the top: ιαεωβαφρενεμουνοθιλαρικριφιαευεαιφιρκιραλιθονυομενερφαβ → Ἰαεω-palindrome
B: Harpocrates sitting with knees drawn up, facing left, on a lotus flower with two buds. Baseline indicating primeval mound? Head crowned with the sun disk, side-lock of youth falling on the neck, right hand raised to mouth, left hand holding a flail. In front of him, an eight-pointed star, behind him, another eight-pointed star and a crescent. Inscription around the edge, consisting of characteres and some Greek letters, beginning to the right of the flail: ωχηχωυζελ → unidentified voces.
Based on similar representations, in which Sarapis leans on a scepter with an ibis at the top, and a passage in the Greek Magical Papyri (PGM V 446ff.), S. Michel raises the possibility of Sarapis being identified with Thoth here, also mentioning the deity’s possible identification with Zeus/Hades and Kronos.
On the other hand, the representation of Harpocrates on a lotus flower connects the gem with love charms. A praxis known from a papyrus (PGM LXI 1-38) specifies that love charms had to be incised with the image of Horus on a lotus flower and the magical name Abraxas. Pieces with the Horus-scheme used as love charms: CBd-533, CBd-534.

Bibliography
Bonner 1951 on CBd-663
Michel, BM on CBd-663

Last modified: 2016-02-03 15:56:57
Link: classics.mfab.hu/talismans/cbd/663
CITE THIS PAGE
CBd-663. The Campbell Bonner Magical Gems Database (2010-), developed at the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, editor-in-chief: Á. M. Nagy. Retrieved from: classics.mfab.hu/talismans/cbd/663 on 11-12-2017.

Image-ID 7526

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7527

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7529

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7528

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7530

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7531

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 669

Credits From Michel, BM

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 2237

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 670

Credits From Michel, BM

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

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