The CBd
Magical gem: Pantheos, voces (A) voces, characteres (B-C)
CBd-Number:
CBd-568
ID-Number:
GB-BM-MMEu_G 398, EA 56398
Collection:
GB_London, The British Museum
Inventory:
G 398 (EA 56398)
References:
Bonner 1951, no. 43; Michel, BM, no. 170; Michel, DMG, no. 41.1_16
Material:
jasper, green to black
Dimensions:
26 x 20 x 4 mm
Dating:
17th–18th c. AD (Michel)
Iconography:
balance; crown, unspecified; feet, in the shape of jackal's heads; figure, with multiple arms; gesture, ithyphallic; Ouroboros; Pantheos; protomes of animals (4-4); tail of crocodile; thunderbolts (2); tufts on the knees (animal protomes); weapon: dagger
Divine Names & Voces:
voces, unidentified; Ἀκραμμαχαμαρεί and variants; αυεβωθιαβαθαβαιθωβευα-palindrome; Βαρβαριώθ and variants; Λαϊλαμ and variants; χυχ

A: Ouroboros, with head turned left, enclosing an ithyphallic Pantheos figure, to front. Head crowned and surrounded by small animal protomes. Four wings set relatively high at the shoulders, a crocodile’s tail projects left from the hips. Upper arms holding short staves (for thunderbolts), lower left arm a dagger, lower right arm a balance. Feet, to right, in the shape of jackal’s heads, knees decorated with tufts for animal protomes. Inscription in the field to the left and right side of the figure, read horizontally: ακραμμαχαμαρ. Letters close to the feet from left and right: ει → Ἀκραμμαχαμαρεί. Below the figure, fifteen characteres in two lines.
B: Inscription in ten lines. Four and a half lines of characteres with Greek letters, or adaptations of Greek letters. Inscription following the last character: *αυεβωθιαβα|θα*βαιθωβευα*αχεν|αχελειαζα*μερρειξα|βαρβαριωθ*τερχναι|φουει*αειαδδειν||ζαχρειε → voces including αυεβωθιαβαθαβαιθωβευα-palindrome, Βαρβαριώθ. Units of text separated by dots.
C: Inscription around the edge in two lines: αφθυχωβριανυπχηθιιλαμιψιχυχθυθηκα|ωχαβιαφθθυθηχυθηχηθριανψιχαβιθιηαη → voces including χυχ, variant of Λαϊλαμ?

Bibliography
Bonner 1951 on CBd-568
Michel, BM on CBd-568
The British Museum Collection database on CBd-568

Last modified: 2015-01-16 16:33:20
Link: classics.mfab.hu/talismans/cbd/568
CITE THIS PAGE
CBd-568. The Campbell Bonner Magical Gems Database (2010-), developed at the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, editor-in-chief: Á. M. Nagy. Retrieved from: classics.mfab.hu/talismans/cbd/568 on 12-12-2017.

Image-ID 7095

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7096

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 7097

Credits Photo: Christopher A. Faraone

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 1139

Credits From Michel, BM

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 1896

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

Image-ID 635

Credits From Michel, BM

Rights © Trustees of the British Museum

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